Laparoscopy is an exploratory procedure which allows the Gynaecologist to see the organs inside the pelvis and abdomen. The laparoscope, the instrument used, is like a narrow telescope about the width of a pen and enables the doctor to see into the abdominal cavity.
Reasons for Laparoscopy
1. Diagnostic purposes
2. For sterilization or tubal ligation.
3. To treat ectopic pregnancy.
4. To treat conditions such as pelvic adhesions (scar tissue inside the abdomen) or endometriosis.
5. The laparoscope may be used in some advanced gynaecological procedures such as hysterectomy, bladder suspension and ovarian cysts.
About the procedure
A general anaesthetic is given. A small cut is made in the umbilicus (belly button) and carbon dioxide gas is introduced into the abdominal cavity. Further instruments can then be inserted to manipulate contents of the abdominal cavity.
Following the operation a woman may experience some symptoms which may last a day or two:
Discharge from hospital
This is usually achieved on the same day as the operation. Normal physical and sexual activity can be resumed when the bleeding and discomfort have disappeared.